The moment the magazine exploded on the destroyer USS Shaw during the attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December, 1941. Photograph: Associated Press.
Seventy years ago tomorrow, Japan launched its attack on Pearl Harbor, the US naval base in Hawaii, with the loss of more than 2,400 lives.
The Guardian Teacher Network has a wealth of materials to help pupils investigate why the attack happened and what some of the consequences were, including the devastating atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945.
Battles of World War II – 1941 is a history lesson for KS3 that uses interactive questions, maps and photographs to explain the course of events before, during and after the attack. Pupils are encouraged to put themselves in the shoes of a newspaper editor to explore the American response to Pearl Harbor, and to ponder what they would usually be doing at 8am on a Sunday morning, the time of the attack.
For KS2, the lesson Asking Questions About the Second World War includes a timeline of events showing the attack on Pearl Harbor. For KS3 and KS4, Encyclopaedia Britannica has produced a set of four worksheets about the Second World War that are useful for studying the key events.
The attack on Pearl Harbor led directly to America's entry into the Second World War and this is explored in the KS3 lesson Battles of World War II – 1942-1945. Pupils examine the end of war in Europe, the escalation of war in the Pacific, the increasing role of Japanese kamikaze pilots, and the development of atomic weapons including the role of scientist Albert Einstein, a Jewish German.
The KS4 history lesson Second World War looks specifically at the dropping of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945. Using photographs from the Imperial War Museum and articles from the Guardian and Observer newspapers, pupils are asked to consider why Harry Truman, the US president, ordered the attacks, estimated to have caused around 200,000 deaths. Primary sources of information used in the lesson include an interview with a Hiroshima survivor who describes the death of her daughter from radiation sickness.
After Hiroshima, President Truman threatened "a rain of ruin from the air the like of which has never been seen on this earth" if Japan did not surrender. Details of the Nagasaki bombing three days later and Japan's subsequent capitulation are covered in this KS4 history lesson.
In March this year, following the devastating effects of a massive earthquake and tsunami, the Japanese prime minister, Naoto Can, said his country was facing "its biggest crisis since the Second World War". After the Wave is an English lesson that focuses on the aftermath of the disaster, with tips and ideas to help pupils write their own newspaper reports.